This book is written by Dr Ndikaru wa Teresia whose interest is in the subject of Penology. Penology is a sub-constituent of Criminology that deals with the idea and training of various societies in their endeavors to curb illegal happenings. Penology’s major purpose is to counteract criminal offences by setting an accepted bar of giving colossal penalty, and to look after the criminals when they are in prison to avoid more crimes. The book explains the five main types of criminal punishment: incapacitation, deterrence, retribution, rehabilitation and restoration. The book also explains punishment in institution, as a behavior reformation technique, is beneficial. It is comparable to a classroom which enhances the learning environment, increases respect for institutional authority, and supports institutions’ safety. For the offenders, it is either you drop the gun (be a good person) or pick a room (get a room in prison). The book is well-intended to cater for prison officers, parole officers, probation officers, policy makers, security officers, pre-graduates, graduates and post-graduates. Young researchers will find this book to be a very good instrument to their work.
Dr. Ndikaru wa Teresia is a well-known activist on environment and human rights issues in Kenya. He has made remarkable contribution to the rights of the oppressed people in Thika, Kenya. In September 14 1992, he led a mass demonstration of hundreds of people against KEL Factory which produced chemicals which were affecting people in Thika. He is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Criminology and Legal Studies, and the Catholic Chaplain at The Technical University of Kenya, Nairobi. Dr. Ndikaru was born in Kamirithu Village, Limuru, Kiambu, Kenya. He was educated at Kamandura Lower Primary School in Limuru-Kenya, Kigumba Intermediary Primary School, and Kihura Catholic Upper Primary School in Kigumba, Masindi-Uganda. He attended Queen of Apostles Seminary, Nairobi, for “O” and “A” levels. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts Degree from Pontifical University of Urbaniana, Rome-Italy; Master’s degree in Disaster Management from University of Nairobi, and PhD in Criminology from Kenyatta University. He is the Founder and Administrator of St Matia Mulumba Mission Hospital in Thika and administrator of KENGO/St Mulumba Environment Quality Assessment, which assessed environment pollution in Thika. Dr. Ndikaru is a prolific writer with several books to his name. He has authored Introduction to Disaster Management, Research Methodology (Volume One & Two), Crime Differentials in Nairobi Metropolitan Slum Areas, Introduction to Penology, Cry of the Oppressed, Pollution and Urban Life in Kenya, and The Slums Juvenile Delinquency in Kenya. He also co-authored with Waithaka Wahenya the book A Voice Unstilled, Archbishop Ndingi Mwana a’Nzeki. Dr. Ndikaru was for many years the editor of “Mwananchi Magazine”, owned and published by Kenya Episcopal Conference, “The Voice Newsletter”, published by the Catholic Archdiocese of Nairobi, “Thika Ecumenical Newsletter”, which was owned and published by Anglican Church of Kenya, the Presbyterian Church of East Africa and Catholic Church in Thika. He is widely published in reputable international, peer-reviewed and refereed journals.